The creation of the park of Belvedere, drawn by Joseph OF LAFORCADE architect-landscape designer, gardener in chief of the town of Paris, was approved by the municipal council of the town of Tunis in 1892.
The choice of the site related to a hill of olive grove, private property (Habous), located on the road of Ariana.
|Plan of the park|
The seedlings were provided by the garden of tests of Tunis creates in 1891 and them
plantation and alteration work was completed by 1897.Pendant a whole decade, Belvedere was entirely closed with the public in order to make it possible the vegetation to develop under optimal conditions, and this until in 1910, official date of its unveiling.
Since its opening to the public, the park became the place of walk and attraction preferred of Tunisians. One there organized balls, races of cars, processions military, etc the “plate”, culminating point of the park, joined together all the Sunday picnickers and players of game of bowls.
First large park whose town of Tunis was equipped, the Belvedere remains the largest city park of Tunis, it is implied more and more in the conservation of the biodiversity and contributes significantly to the protection of the vegetable and animal inheritance. Fauna
Today the park is always a privileged space, in spite of the competition of other places of attraction. It accommodates several thousands of visitors daily.
The diversity of the whole of its animal species and particularly the variety of its futile represent one of the prerogatives of the park of Belvedere.
The 110 hectares of the park are a refuge for a large number of species of animals in freedom, the ladybird to common hare, via the Etruscan shrew and the grass snake iron-with-horse. But the animals which one best notices in the park, they are of course the birds.
Thus in winter, the lake of Belvedere accommodates to 600 migrating ducks, in particular the fuligules pochard and the fuligules tufted ducks, whereas the large trees are a dormitory of choice for thousands of Spanish sparrows, starlings and gray wagtails.
In spring all the park pépiement fills with songs of birds, trill acute of the blue tit, chirp of the finch of the trees, of the blackbird black, hooting of crested fasciée, song flute of the bulbul of the gardens, cooing of the turtle-dove with a grid and the turtle-dove of wood, and the evening, hiss of the barn owl and plaintive cry and monotonous of the owl small-duke.
This whole of the animal species living in the Belvedere park compose fauna.
The richness of its vegetable inheritance, a large number of its trees as its gigantic botanical garden qualify the park of the View-point to be called “the green lung of the Town of Tunis
The park of Belvedere is characterized by the diversity of its vegetable inheritance, since one does not count there less than 80 different species of trees coming from the 5 continents. From Australia the various varieties from eucalyptus and majestic Ficus rubiginosa come us; from North America the palm tree of Washington and the orange tree of Osages; from South America Jacaranda mimosifolia and Schinus terebenthifolius; from Asia Pittosporum will tobira and Ligustrum; from Europe the Cypress of Italy, Middle-East the Tree of Judaea; from tropical Africa the Date palm of the Canaries. All these gasolines mix with the olive-trees, the caroubiers, pomegranates, the maritime pines, the date palms, and many other local species.
The thousands of trees of the park protect from their shade an underwood diversified and very dense in certain zones; Broom of Spain, Aberia will caffra, Holm oak, Bougainvillier, common Lierre, Genévrier, Pistachier mastic tree…
In spring, and especially when the year is rainy, the ground of the View-point is covered with an iridescent green carpet of spots of colors: poppy, camomile, concern, wild chicorey, bindweed of the fields, all kinds of flowers and graminaceous, which push and open out in the park, far from the pesticides and of the weedkillers.
The specimen of ficus macrophylla located on the lawn opposite the 2nd door of the View-point, true emblem of the park, is a tree centenary whose sunshade covers more 1000m2.
Monuments and Attractions
The components of the park of Belvedere Such Kobba, the doors, the casino, the lake, the pony club represent its monuments of attraction in divergent matters (historical, architectural, artistic, ecological…).
Animation of the parc
Since its opening to the public and considering its ecological characteristics, the park of Belvedere is always the first space of entertainment and approval of the townsmen of Tunis :
- The Association of the Friends of Belvedere
- The Historical Grand Prix of the Town of Tunis
- Floral festivals
- The equestrian Center of animation of Belvedere
- The artificial lake
At the time of the world day of the environment and within the framework of the follow-up of the situation of the parks of large Tunis, Président Zine El Abidine Ben Ali went on June 5th, 2003 to the park of Belvedere in order to get information about the actions carried out hygiene environmental maintenance .
At the time of the world day of the environment and within the framework of the follow-up of the situation of the parks of large Tunis, Président Zine El Abidine Ben Ali went on June 5th, 2003 to the park of Belvedere in order to get information about the actions carried out hygiene environmental maintenance. The Head of the State took note of the situation of the various components and the daily activities of the park of Belvedere and gave the kicks-off of the operation of the network of watering.
Indeed the park of Belvedere is fed out of water via two surveys which are in the botanical garden and the zoological gardens.
These two surveys drive back water in a water cover of a capacity of 50 m3 having two electric pomps which make ebb water in two basins located on coasts 50 and 80 Mr.
Once water arrives at the basins, it runs by gravity to supply the various valves of the network, then it is conveyed through underground conduits and drains towards the solid masses.